Prevention and control solutions
Editor-in-Chief: Zhang Wenhong
Copyright by Shanghai Scientific & Technical Publishers. English version prepared by CNOOD ASIA LIMITED. For internal reference only. Not for any publication or business purpose.
Learn about COVID-19 in one minute
Novel coronavirus, named by the World Health Organization (WHO) as 2019-nCoV, where n stands for novel (new), and CoV is an abbreviation for coronavirus. It belongs to the same coronavirus family as the pathogen that causes severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), but the two are not the same.
Source of infection
The sources of infection seen so far are mainly patients with 2019-nCoV infections. Asymptomatic 2019-nCoV carriers can also be a source of infection.
It can be transmitted from person to person. Respiratory droplets and contact transmission are the main routes of transmission. Transmission routes such as aerosol and digestive tract are yet to be clarified.
The crowd is generally susceptible. The elderly and those with underlying chronic diseases suffer from more severe conditions after infection. Children and infants are occasionally affected.
The incubation period is 1~14 days, mostly 3~7 days.
Main symptoms are fever, fatigue, and dry cough. A few patients have symptoms such as nasal congestion, runny nose, and diarrhea. Some patients only show low fever and mild fatigue. Severe patients often have difficulty breathing 1 week after infection.
Effective drugs are still being developed, and no effective antiviral method has been identified so far.
The prognosis is good for most patients. A few patients are critically ill. The prognosis of the elderly and patients with underlying diseases is poor. Symptoms of children are relatively mild.
Personal protection Key words
What is the purpose and significance of home quarantine?
The purpose of home quarantine is to prevent patients from staying and spreading virus in society through physical isolation, and to prevent the formation of second-generation and third-generation cases.
When there are a large number of asymptomatic close contacts or potential patients, home quarantine should be an important option to solve problems that cannot be solved by the treatment institutions. Go to the hospital If any symptoms occur. During home quarantine, you may spend the leisure time viewing circle of friends, cooking, reading, and tasting tea, etc. to cut off the transmission routes of 2019-nCoV and let them die out.
Who are required to practice home quarantine?
Those who are in or have recently visited (past 14 days) Wuhan and surrounding areas or local places where COVID-19 is spreading.
Those who have had close contact with suspected and confirmed cases within 14 days
The above mentioned people are required to undergo home quarantine if there is no suspicious symptom of 2019-nCoV infection; and they are required to report to relevant departments immediately and seek medical treatment if suspicious symptoms appear.
How to practice home quarantine?
People in quarantine should live in well-ventilated single rooms; ensure that common areas (kitchens, and bathrooms, etc.) are well-ventilated (windows open).
Family members should live in different rooms. Keep a distance of more than 1 meter from the patient, if conditions do not permit.
Narrow down the scope of activities of the quarantined person, minimize the sharing of an area between the quarantined person and other family members, and especially avoid dining together.
Do not share toothbrushes, towels, tableware, toilets, and quilts, etc.
Refuse all visits.
Caregivers should be fixed and be in good health and free of chronic diseases.
Caregivers should wear masks when they are in the same room as the quarantined person.
After having any direct contact with the quarantined people or entering the quarantine area, hand hygiene should be done (before meal preparation, before meals, after using the bathroom, when dirt is visible). If there is no obvious dirt on your hands, you can use alcohol-free lotion to clean them; if there is obvious dirt on your hands, wash them with soap and water.
Clean bedroom furniture and bathroom countertop daily with chlorine-containing disinfectant.
Wash patient's clothing and bedding with hot water at 60~90°C and ordinary household laundry detergent, avoid putting contaminated clothes and clean clothes together. ●以上操作应佩戴一次性手套进行，操作前后进行手部清洗。
The above operations should be performed in disposable gloves. Wash hands before and after the operations.
Secretions and excreta
Respiratory secretions: wear medical masks or cover your mouth and nose with tissue or your bent elbow/sleeves when you cough or sneeze. Clean your hands immediately after coughing and sneezing. Dispose of tissues or towels covered your nose and mouth, or wash them properly after use (such as washing with ordinary soap/detergent and water).
Excrement: wear disposable gloves when touching oral secretion, respiratory secretion, urine or feces of the people in quarantine. The excreta of the quarantined people should be sealed and discarded into "hazardous waste" bins. Cover the toilet when flushing it.
Contaminants: contaminants such as gloves, paper towels and masks should be placed in patient's room and discarded separately after marking.
Tableware: wash the tableware used by the quarantined people with detergent and water. No need to discard them.
Criteria to release quarantine
Practice a 14-day quarantine since last contact with patients or departure from the endemic area if no symptom occur.
Seek medical care at a fever clinic in time in case of relevant symptoms.
When do I need to wear a mask?
Wearing a mask During the epidemic, it is recommended to wear a mask when meeting people, going to public places, entering crowded or closed places, and taking public transportation, etc.
No masks You may not wear a mask when you are alone or in an open area.
Which kind of mask should I wear?
For the general public (except medical workers or epidemic-related workers), it is recommended to wear disposable medical masks.
Staff in densely populated places (hospitals, airports, railway stations, subways, ground buses, planes, trains, supermarkets, and restaurants, etc.) and police, security, express delivery and other practitioners, as well as those who undergo home quarantine and their house-mates are recommended to wear medical surgical masks or wearing masks that conform N95/KN95 and above standard particulate protective masks. Paper masks, activated carbon masks, cotton masks, and sponge masks are not recommended.
How to use masks correctly?
The correct use of disposable medical masks/surgical masks are as follows:
The nose clip faces up and the outer dark side faces outward (or the fold faces down).
Open the fold and cover your mouth, nose and jaw with mask.
Press the metal strip from the middle to the sides of the bridge of the nose with finger tips and press inward slowly until there are no gaps between your face and the mask.
Adjust the mask appropriately until there are no gaps between your face and the mask.
There are 3 layers of a standard surgical mask: the outer layer has a water blocking layer to prevent droplets from entering the mask; the middle layer has a filter layer; the inner layer near the mouth and nose is used for moisture absorption.
Can I use a mask with a breathing valve?
Yes. For the general population, the answer is yes. Because wearing a mask with a breathing valve can protect the wearer.
No. Suspected or confirmed patients should not wear masks with breathing valves because breathing valves cannot prevent wearers' droplets from spreading into the environment.
How long can a mask be used? Do I have to use a disposable one?
For the general public, in the case of no contact with patients or suspected infections, the use time can be appropriately extended according to the degree of cleanliness, and reuse mask as appropriate; however, do not share mask with others, wash hands according to regulations before wearing, and avoid touching the inner side of the mask when wearing.
Replace the mask immediately once it is contaminated with droplets or other pollutants, deformed, damaged, or has a strange smell.
How to save reused masks?
To reuse the mask, hang it in a clean, dry and ventilated place, or place it in a clean and breathable paper bag.
Masks need to be stored separately to avoid contact with each other and marked with the users; medical standard protective masks cannot be washed, nor can they be disinfected with disinfectants or heating; other non-medical masks should be handled according to instructions.
How do I discard a used mask?
There is no risk of transmission of 2019-nCoV in the masks worn by the general population. After use, they shall be sealed in plastic bags and disposed of in accordance with the requirements of domestic waste classification.
Masks used by suspected patients and their caregivers should be collected and treated as medical waste. Wash hands after handling these masks.
How to choose masks for pregnant women and children?
Pregnant women should consider their own conditions and choose more comfortable protective masks. 儿童处在生长发育阶段，其脸型小，应选择儿童防护口罩。
Children are at the stage of growth and development and their faces are small. They should select protective masks specially designed for children.
Do I need to wear gloves in my daily life?
No. For the general public, wash hands frequently in daily life is enough.
Yes. Medical workers, close contacts, flight attendants and others working in crowded places should wear gloves to reduce the risk of contact transmission. But wearing gloves is not a substitute for hand hygiene. Wash your hands frequently.
Do I need to wear goggles in my daily life?
No. In daily life and work, practicing good hand hygiene is sufficient, such as washing hands frequently, especially avoiding rubbing eyes with dirty hands. It is not necessary to wear goggles.
What are the disinfection methods?
According to the COVID-19 Diagnosis and Treatment Program (Trial Edition 5th), the virus is sensitive to ultraviolet rays and heat. The virus can be inactivated at 56°C for 30 minutes. And fat-soluble solvents such as ether, 75% ethanol (alcohol), chlorine-containing disinfectants, peracetic acid, and chloroform can also effectively inactivate the virus. Chlorhexidine cannot effectively inactivate the virus.
Due to the lack of evidence, other disinfection methods are not recommended for inactivation of 2019-nCoV.
What are the possible disinfection methods at home?
Skin disinfection Wipe or soak the skin with disinfectant alcohol.
Home environment disinfection Wipe the surface of the objects with disinfectant alcohol or chlorine disinfectant.
Pay attention to the active ingredients and the safe use of the disinfectant:
Alcohol is flammable. Keep away from sources of fire and flammable materials, and do not spray or sterilize a large area with alcohol, otherwise the increased concentration of ethanol in the air may cause a fire.
When using chlorine-containing disinfectants, pay attention to the preparation method, and dilution ratio, etc. In particular, avoid mixing it with other disinfectants, which may generate a lot of toxic gases. Refer to the product manual for the specific usage.
Disinfection heat-resistant articles They can be sterilized by boiling for 15 minutes.
When to wash hands?
After returning from a public place, touching public goods, covering mouth or nose with hands when coughing or sneezing, taking off a mask, using the toilet, touching dirty objects and before eating, etc.
What to wash with?
Hand sanitizer or soap with running water, or alcohol-based hand rub.
How do I wash my hands?
Get your hands wet under running water.
Take an appropriate amount of hand sanitizer or soap and apply it evenly to the entire palm, back of the hand, fingers and finger seams.
Rub your hands carefully for at least 15 seconds. The specific operations are as follows:
Palms facing each other, cross fingers and rub each other.
Interlock fingers and rub the back of fingers.
Palms facing each other, interlace fingers and rub each other.
Rub right palm over left dorsum with interlaced fingers and vice versa.
Rotational rubbing of left thumb clasped in right palm and vice versa.
Rotational rubbing backwards and forwards of fingertips and thumb of right hand in left palm and vice versa.
Rinse hands thoroughly under running water.
Dry your hands with a clean towel or paper towel.
Cover your mouth and nose with elbows or tissues when you cough or sneeze. Never cover your mouth and nose with your hands.
A lot of viruses can be released through coughing and sneezing. If you don't wash your hands in time after the virus contaminates your hands, objects your hands touch will also be contaminated by virus, such as the surface of door handles, elevator buttons, tables and chairs. At this time, if someone touches these contaminated parts, and then touches his/her mouth, eyes, and nose with hands without washing them in time, the virus will spread through the contaminated hands.
Covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow when you cough or sneeze and spraying the viruses on your clothes without contaminating the surface of other objects. Therefore, special emphasis is placed on the practice of respiratory etiquette. Meanwhile, do not touch your body before washing your hands, especially your mouth, eyes, and nose.
Can 2019-nCoV be transmitted by the fecal-oral route?
Positive virus nucleic acid has been detected only in the feces of patients. However, positive fecal viral nucleic acid ≠ fecal-oral transmission, the public should not over-interpret it, let alone feeling panic. At present, the transmission routes of aerosol and digestive tract are to be clarified. The prudent practice is as follows:
Wash hands before meals and after using the toilet.
Remember to cover the toilet lid before flushing after using the toilet.
Do I need to wear a mask when taking the lift? Is it risky to press a button?
The air circulation in a van lift is poor. It is recommended to wear a mask when riding. Droplets and viruses may remain on the buttons of the lift, and there is a possibility of contact infection;it is better not to use your finger to directly press the floor button; avoid touching other parts of your body after touching the buttons with your finger, and wash your hands after leaving the lift.
You should reduce the frequency of taking the lift and take the stairs as much as possible for lower floors. However, in non-endemic areas, the risk of transmission is low and there is no need to be overly nervous. Wear a mask and wash your hands in a timely manner is enough.
Can I use the air conditioner?
Central air-conditioning may spread diseases. Therefore, during the epidemic period, the use of central air conditioning should be stopped or reduced. When we have to turn on the air conditioning, the following should be noted:
Turn on the exhaust fan at the same time.
Remember to clean and disinfect the air conditioner. Clean split-type air conditioners regularly.
Open the doors and windows regularly to maintain indoor air circulation.
Will pets spread 2019-nCoV?
There is no evidence that pets such as cats and dogs can be infected with There is no evidence that pets such as cats and dogs can be infected with 2019-nCoV. However, washing hands with soapy water after touching pets can significantly reduce the transmission of other common bacteria between pets and humans, such as E. coli and salmonella. There are many types of pets. But currently the source and intermediate host of 2019-nCoV are still unclear. It is not recommended to adopt animals of unknown origin, especially wild animals as pets.
How to disinfect pets after taken them home?
No special disinfection is required. Practice daily cleaning and regular pet-related quarantine is enough.
Can pets play together outdoors?
Should pets with history of exposure of suspected cases be quarantined?
Quarantine observations are recommended during the outbreak.
What is the definition of close contacts?
Close contacts refer to those with one of the following contacts with suspected cases and confirmed cases without taking any effective protection measures:
Living, studying, working together with suspected cases and confirmed cases, or other people who have close contact with them during close work or sharing the same room or living in the same house with them.
Medical staff, family members or other people who have similar close contact with patients during medical treatment, nursing, and visiting; those who have visited patients or stayed in a closed environment; other patients in the same ward and their accompanying staff.
People who are in the same transportation and have close contact with the patients, including caregivers and fellow travelers (family, colleagues, and friends, etc.), other passengers and flight attendants who may have close contact with suspected and confirmed cases after investigation and evaluation.
Those who are assessed to meet the definition of other close contacts after investigation by on-site investigators
How do I know if I am a close contact?
When judging someone as a close contact and analyzing his/her risk of infection, it is necessary to integrate factors such as the clinical manifestations of the contacted patient, contact ways with the patient, protective measures taken during the contact, and the degree of exposure to the patient's contaminated environment and objects before making a comprehensive judgment.
Therefore, the judgment of close contacts should be left to professionals. For the general public, it is only necessary to report and provide relevant information. Apart from relatives, friends and colleagues of patients, the most common close contacts may be those who take the same transport. Therefore, you should pay attention to your flight number and high-speed rail trip information as well as the public transportation information of patients. If you take the same public transport with the patients, you are required to report it and practice home quarantine.
What do close contacts need to pay attention to?
Report it and practice home quarantine.
2019-nCoV prevention and control solutions in different scenarios
How to prevent and control 2019-nCoV at home?
Take regular breaks, exercise regularly and ensure sleep quality.
Maintain good personal hygiene habits: Wash your hands frequently, do not touch your eyes, nose, or mouth with dirty hands; cover your mouth and nose with tissue paper when you cough or sneeze.
Do not share towels among family members and keep home environment clean.
Make sure the rooms are ventilated and kept clean and hygienic.
Cover the toilet when flushing it.
Prepare a thermometer, disposable medical masks, surgical masks or N95 / KN95 masks, household disinfection supplies, etc. at home.
Minimize outdoor activities.
Avoid close contact with people who have symptoms of respiratory diseases (such as fever, cough or sneezing) as much as possible.
Avoid all kinds of gatherings, and avoid going to crowded or confined spaces.
Avoid contact with wild animals and poultry.
Pay close attention to symptoms such as fever and cough. In case of these symptoms, seeking medical care.
Does it work to prevent 2019-nCoV by taking cold-fever-treating infusion, radix isatidis granule, or adopting vinegar fumigation?
No! Cold-fever-treating infusion and radix isatidis granule are not effective against 2019-nCoV, and vinegar fumigation is not an effective method to eliminate 2019-nCoV.
What are the dietary considerations?
Do not eat sick animals or their products.
Buy chilled poultry from regular channels and eat fully cooked eggs, milk, and poultry.
Separate the cutting boards and knives for raw food and cooked food; wash hands between preparing raw food and cooked food.
Even in outbreak areas, meat is safe to eat if it is thoroughly cooked and properly handled during food preparation.
Pay attention to a balanced and nutritious diet.
Do I need to disinfect the stuff bought from supermarket?
No, just wash your hands frequently.
Touching objects contaminated by 2019-nCoV with your hands, and then touching your eyes, mouth, and nose with hands may cause indirect contact transmission. Since 2019-nCoV has a limited survival time in vitro, and in non-endemic areas, the probability of contamination of items in the supermarket by droplets from the patient's mouth is very low, there is no need to be overly nervous.
Is takeout safe to eat? Do I have to disinfect takeout?
Takeout is generally safe. But you need to choose formal stores to ensure that the meat and fresh food are quarantined and that the preparation and processing processes are in compliance.
If you are concerned about the risk of contact and droplet transmission caused in the delivery and by the take-away rider, you can ask him/her to drop the food at the door and fetch it by yourself. After opening the package, wash your hands before enjoying the meal.
How to handle the express delivery from Wuhan or other regions?
2019-nCoV has very limited survival time in vitro. The possibility of 2019-nCoV remaining on the surface of the object is relatively low after the express from Wuhan area is delivered to your place, and thereby can be accepted normally. If you are really worried about virus contamination on the surface of the express delivery, you can open the package and discard it, then wash your hands in time, especially before touching your mouth, nose or eyes.
Can a hot bath or sauna help kill 2019-nCoV?
2019-nCoV will die for 30 minutes at 56°C. But generally the temperature and duration cannot be reached by taking a bath or sauna. Moreover, if the temperature of the water is too high and the bath time is too long, one may feel uncomfortable, such as experiencing dizziness, rapid heartbeat, etc. In severe cases, one may collapse or faint. However, showering frequently can reduce the risk of infection.
Is it safe to turn on the air conditioner at home?
The split-type air conditioner at home does not cause the viruses to flow in different rooms. However, the window should be opened regularly for ventilation to ensure the indoor air circulation, and the filter of the air conditioner should be cleaned regularly.
Are there 2019-nCoV on public facilities such as stair handrails and community equipment?
Viruses may attach to the surface of these public facilities, so you should avoid touching public facilities, avoid touching your nose and mouth, and rubbing your eyes with dirty hands, etc. Wash hands immediately after you touch these public facilities.
Community managers should strengthen the cleaning and disinfection of public facilities.
Is there a risk of infection by taking the lift?
See "Lift" for details.
Community managers should strengthen the cleaning and disinfection of lifts.
Is the rubbish used by confirmed patients contagious?
The possibility is very small. It is recommended to wash hands frequently, do not touch suspicious contaminants, take protection measures when throwing garbage, and wear disposable gloves if necessary.
What are the precautions for traveling?
Wear masks in public places, especially on public transport and in crowded public places.
You may choose walking, cycling or driving if conditions permit.
Avoid contact with people who have fever, cough and other symptoms. Keep a distance of more than 1 meter if you have to.
Cover your mouth and nose completely with a tissue or bent elbow when you cough or sneeze.
Minimize touching public goods in public places.
Avoid touching your nose and mouth, and rubbing eyes with dirty hands.
Wash your hands frequently, and you can prepare alcohol-based hand rub, disinfectant wipes, and other products by yourself.
Avoid attending various parties during the epidemic.
What do I need to pay attention to when arriving home?
Take off your coat as usual → hang your coat at the door (or ventilated place) → remove your mask → wash your hands → take a shower after arrive home rather than before sleep. If you follow the above tips, the probability of infection with 2019-nCoV will be very low.
It is advisable to hang the outerwear in a specific place at the door, and do not put it together with clean clothes. There is little chance of virus remaining on the surface of the outerwear if there is no contact with patients. However, there will be a large amount of dust on the surface of the outerwear, thus it is not recommended to take it into the bedroom.
What preventive measures to take when exercising outdoors?
Avoid going to confined and crowded spaces during the outbreak, including gyms.
Avoid going to crowded places for outdoor activities. Take some fitness activities at home, such as aerobics and yoga.
What do I need to pay attention to when using public transport in the city?
Pay special attention to wearing a mask, and washing hands after touching items in public place such as handrails.
What preventive measures to take when sharing a private car with others?
All passengers should wear masks, reduce communication, pay attention to respiratory etiquette, and open windows as much as possible for ventilation.
If a passenger is found to be a suspected patient, the car should be thoroughly disinfected afterwards.
What should I pay attention to when traveling by high-speed rail and plane?
When entering or exiting the station, be sure to cooperate with staff for temperature measurement; eat less and avoid taking off masks as much as possible; avoid touching mouth, nose, and eyes with your hands frequently; cover your mouth and nose with tissue or elbow when sneezing or coughing; keep a safe distance with others and pay close attention to the health condition of nearby passengers. If an abnormal condition is found, try to change the seat if possible and report it to the staff; try to stay away from crowded aisles as much as possible, and avoid walking around in the carriage or cabin; avoid using public water dispensers and try to bring your own water or buy bottled water.
Pay attention to your flight number and high-speed rail trip information as well as the public transportation information of patients. If you take the same public transport with the patients, you are required to report it and practice home quarantine.
Are those who return from non-endemic areas allowed to resume work immediately? What are the precautions?
If you have no contact history with patients or relevant symptoms, you may return to work on time in accordance with national and enterprise regulations.
If you have come into contact with patients or have relevant symptoms, please report it and practice home quarantine temporarily. If necessary, seek medical care in a hospital. Whether to resume work will be determined according to the actual situation and professional guidance.
How do people who have lived or traveled in an epidemic area (such as Wuhan) within 2 weeks return to work?
Register with your community or village committee as soon as possible, reduce outing activities, especially avoid going to crowded public places.
Perform self-health monitoring for 14 days from the day leaving the endemic area. Monitor body temperature twice a day, pay attention to respiratory symptoms such as cough, sputum, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. Whenever possible, live alone or in a well-ventilated single room and reduce close contact with family members.
If there are suspicious symptoms (including fever, cough, sore throat, chest tightness, dyspnea, poor appetite, fatigue, weak spirits, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, headache, palpitation, conjunctivitis, mild muscle soreness at limbs or lower back, etc ), seek medical care timely according to the state of illness.
Is there a risk of infection by taking the lift?
See "Lift" for details.
How to deliver documents?
Wear a mask when handing over documents, and wash your hands after touching.
Is it necessary to disinfect mobile phones, landlines, and computer keyboards?
Office equipment should be disinfected regularly. Wipe the surface of mobile phones, landlines, and computer keyboards, etc. with a sanitized alcohol cotton ball.
What preventive measures to take in a multi-person office?
Ensure that the work environment is clean and hygienic, and maintain indoor air circulation.
A multi-person office is a public space, and it is recommended to wear a mask if you are not sure whether there is a risk of 2019-nCoV infection.
Stop or reduce the use of central air conditioning. Turn on the exhaust fan when the air conditioner has to be used. Clean the air conditioner regularly.
Open the windows and doors regularly every day for ventilation.
Disinfect office equipment, and door handles, etc. with disinfectant regularly.
Pay attention to hand hygiene. All kinds of places should be equipped with hand-washing faucets, hand-washing liquid, paper towels or hand dryers. Develop a good habit of washing hands frequently.
Take a rest from work temporarily and seek medical treatment in a timely manner according to the situation if you develop symptoms such as fever, fatigue, dry cough and chest tightness.
Do I need to wear a mask during the meeting?
It is recommended to wear a mask throughout the meeting.
Keep a moderate distance in conversation.
Keep the windows open for ventilation.
Reduce the times of meetings.
Control meeting time.
Is it safe to turn on the central air-conditioning in the office? Is disinfection of central air conditioning necessary if it is turned on?
Keep the doors and windows open to maintain indoor air circulation.
Stop or reduce the use of central air conditioning. Turn on the exhaust fan when the air conditioner has to be used.
Air conditioners should be cleaned and disinfected regularly.
What are the precautions when traveling on business or receiving visitors?
All personnel should wear masks.
Measure the temperature of the visitors, and clarify whether there is a history of residence in epidemic areas such as Wuhan, a history of contact with confirmed or suspected cases, and symptoms of fever, cough, and poor breathing, etc.
Disinfect the reception vehicles with disinfecting alcohol, chlorine-containing disinfectant or peroxyacetic acid-containing disinfectant.
What precautions should be taken when going shopping (in supermarkets, vegetable markets)?
See "Travel" for details. Do not eat wild animals!
Avoid contact with raw meat, stray animals, garbage, and waste water, etc. in the market; wash hands as soon as you touch them.
What precautions should be taken when going to the restaurant?
Avoid dining together and dine alone at a single table as far as possible. If dining alone at a single table is not permitted, individual dining system and public chopsticks should be adopted.
In case of suspected symptoms, when do I need to see a doctor?
First of all, if you are required to practice home quarantine (see "Home quarantine" for details), report it and seek medical advice immediately as there is any symptom.
If home quarantine is not required, it is recommended to follow the procedure below to conduct self-assessment first.
The body temperature does not exceed 38°C, and there are no obvious symptoms such as shortness of breath or wheezing.
Under 60 and over 5 years old.
Does not fall into pregnant women, patients with chronic diseases (such as lung disease, cardiovascular disease, chronic kidney disease, immune disease, etc.) or obese people.
If the above conditions are all met at the same time, it is recommended to rest and observe at home first. Drink plenty of water at home, and take some anti-cold drugs to reduce your symptoms.
Meanwhile, take measures such as wearing a mask, washing hands frequently and ventilating the room regularly to protect yourself and family members.
In the following cases, it is recommended to seek medical treatment in a timely manner.
No improvement in the condition after observation at home for 1~2 days.
Have contacts with patients with fever or cough recently, or have visited crowded places such as hospitals, supermarkets, farmers' markets, or have a history of wildlife exposure.
Elderly people, pregnant women, obese people, and people with chronic lung diseases, cardiovascular diseases, liver and kidney diseases, and low immune function.
What are the precautions for seeing a doctor?
On the way to / from the hospital
Wear a mask, practice respiratory etiquette, cover your nose and mouth with paper towel or elbow rather than hands when coughing or sneezing.
Avoid taking public transportation such as subways and buses, and avoid going to crowded places.
Operators should disinfect vehicles.
When seeing a doctor
Tell the doctor about your living and travel history in the epidemic area of the relevant disease, suspected or confirmed cases you have contacted with before the onset of the disease, and people you have contacted with after the onset of the disease, and cooperate with the doctor to carry out relevant investigations.
If you are suspected with 2019-nCoV infection, go directly to a fever clinic and minimize activities in other areas of the hospital.
If you have to seek medical treatment for other reasons, please do not walk through areas such as fever clinic or emergency department, avoid contact with patients with fever, cough and other symptoms; keep a distance of more than 1 meter if encountered with them.
After the consultation, do not stay outside long and go home as soon as possible.
Can pregnant women have normal checkups?
Pregnant women are allowed to go to the hospital for normal checkups as long as protective measures a taken.
Tell your obstetrician in time in case of fever, cough, or chest tightness, etc.
Can children be vaccinated during the outbreak?
Based on local epidemic situation, parents can call vaccination site or Center for Disease Control and ask if vaccination is possible. Some vaccinations can be postponed appropriately. It is recommended that information released by local vaccination sites and Center for Disease Control and Prevention shall prevail.
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